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Title: Sesamin suppresses LPS-induced microglial activation via regulation of TLR4 expression
Authors: Sasimol Udomruk
Chayanut Kaewmool
Peraphan Pothacharoen
Thanyaluck Phitak
Prachya Kongtawelert
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2018
Abstract: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd Sesamin, one of the most abundant lignans in sesame seeds and oils, is well known for neuroprotective activity. However, its effects on toll-like-receptor 4 (TLR4), the key innate immune receptor implicated in microglia activation and neuroinflammation has not been reported. Our study demonstrated that sesamin significantly diminished LPS-stimulated TLR4 expression result in the reduction of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2(PGE2) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α IL-1β and IL-6) in BV2 microglia by suppressing JNK and NF-κB pathway. While conditioned medium from LPS-stimulated microglia-induced PC12 cell death, sesamin pre-treatment on microglia abrogated the cytotoxic effects of pro-inflammatory mediators. Our result also demonstrated the direct effect of sesamin in ameliorating PC12 cell death induced by activated microglial-conditioned medium. These results suggested that sesamin alleviated inflammation-induced neurodegeneration via inhibition of TLR4 expression and microglial activation resulting in diminishing the neurotoxicity effect. Sesamin might be a potential agent for neurodegenerative diseases prevention.
ISSN: 17564646
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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