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Title: Induction of G1 arrest and apoptosis in androgen-dependent human prostate cancer by Kuguacin J, a triterpenoid from Momordica charantia leaf
Authors: Pornsiri Pitchakarn
Shugo Suzuki
Kumiko Ogawa
Wilart Pompimon
Satoru Takahashi
Makoto Asamoto
Pornngarm Limtrakul
Tomoyuki Shirai
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 28-Jul-2011
Abstract: In this study, we focused on the effects of a bitter melon (Momordica charantia) leaf extract (BMLE) and a purified component, Kuguacin J (KuJ), on androgen-dependent LNCaP human prostate cancer cells. Both treatments exerted growth inhibition through G1 arrest and induction of apoptosis. In addition, KuJ markedly decreased the levels of cyclins (D1 and E), cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdk2 and Cdk4) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and caused an increase in p21 and p27 levels. Its induction of apoptosis was accompanied by an increase in cleavage of caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, attributable to augment of Bax/Bcl-2 and Bad/Bcl-xL and reduction of survivin levels. BMLE and KuJ also reduced the expression of androgen receptor (AR), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) while induced P53 protein level. Down-regulation of p53 by RNA interference indicated that BMLE and KuJ inhibited cell growth partly through p53-dependent cell cycle arrest and apoptotic pathways. Both BMLE and KuJ caused less toxicity in a normal prostate cell line, PNT1A. Our results suggest that BMLE and a purified component, KuJ, from its diethyl ether fraction could be promising candidate new antineoplastic and chemopreventive agents for androgen-dependent prostate cancer and carcinogenesis. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
ISSN: 03043835
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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