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Title: Evidence that increased adrenal glucocorticoid release during superovulation does not impair gonadal responses in crossbred Thai dairy cows
Authors: Jaruwan Khonmee
Jureerat Sumretprasong
Janine L. Brown
Kamraitip Lokham
Wanchat Phakoetsuk
Veerasak Punyapornwithaya
Keywords: Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2020
Abstract: © 2020, Chiang Mai University. Embryo transfer is an important assisted reproductive technique to increase the efficacy of reproduction in dairy cattle, although responses to superovulation therapies remain inconsistent. Stress can negatively affect reproduction in farm animals, and could be a factor in compromising ovulation induction and embryo transfer success due to intensive handling procedures. This study evaluated ovulation rates, development of functional corpora lutea (CL), embryo quality, and fecal glucocorticoid (FGM) and fecal progestagen (FPM) metabolite concentrations in response to two FSH superovulation protocols in crossbred Thai dairy cows. Cows were administered decreasing doses of FSH (200 mg) administered over 4 or 6 days (n=3/treatment). All females ovulated based on FPM profiles, but numbers of CL and embryos collected, and embryo quality varied across individuals. Nevertheless, similar numbers of transferable embryos (~ 4 each) were obtained for both 4-and 6-day FSH regimens. FGM concentrations during superovulation (Mid) (162.2 ± 8.4 ng/g) were greater than those before (115.8 ± 5.8 ng/g) or after (104.3 ± 9.8) treatment (P < 0.05), but there was no treatment difference. Observed increases in FGM indicate that reproductive manipulation can induce acute stress responses; however, there were no apparent adverse effects on reproductive responses or embryo quality.
ISSN: 16851994
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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