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|Title:||Evaluation of daily dose accumulation with deformable image registration method using helical tomotherapy images for nasopharyngeal carcinoma|
|Abstract:||© The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press. Aim:Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients may have anatomical variations during their radiotherapy treatment course. In this study, we determine the daily accumulated dose by the deformable image registration (DIR) process for comparing with the planned dose and explore the number of fractions which the daily accumulated dose significantly changed from the planned dose.Methods:The validation of the DIR process in MIM software has been tested. One hundred and sixty-five daily megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) images of NPC patients who were treated by helical tomotherapy were exported to MIM software to determine the daily accumulated dose and then compared with the planned dose.Results:The MIM software illustrated the acceptable validation for clinical application. The accumulated dose (D50%) of the planning target volume (PTV70) showed a decrease from the planned dose with an average of 0.5 ± 0.27% at the end of the treatment and was significantly different from the planned dose after the second fraction of the treatment (p-value = 0.008). In contrast, the accumulated dose of organ at risk (OAR) tended to increase from the planned dose and was significantly different after the fifth fraction (left parotid), the twelfth fraction (right parotid) and the second fraction (spinal cord).Findings:The inter-fractional anatomic changes cause the actual dose to be different from the planned dose. The dose differences and the number of fractions were varied in each target and OAR. The dose accumulation explored the necessary information for the radiation oncologist to consider adaptive treatment strategies to increase the efficiency of treatment.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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