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Title: Effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers on all-cause mortality, cardiovascular death, and cardiovascular events among peritoneal dialysis patients: A protocol for systematic review
Authors: Surapon Nochaiwong
Chidchanok Ruengorn
Pajaree Mongkhon
Kednapa Thavorn
Ratanaporn Awiphan
Kajohnsak Noppakun
Surachet Vongsanim
Wilaiwan Chongruksut
Brian Hutton
Manish M. Sood
Greg A. Knoll
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2020
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Based on the International Society for peritoneal dialysis (PD) recommendations, blockade of renin-angiotensin systems with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) improves residual kidney function in PD patients. However, the long-term effectiveness of ACEI/ARB use in PD patients has not been fully elucidated. We, therefore, intend to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the effects of ACEI/ARB use on long-term mortality, cardiovascular outcomes, and adverse events among PD patients. METHODS: This systematic review will include both randomized controlled trials and non-randomized studies in adult PD patients. We also plan to incorporate data from our cohort study in Thai PD population into this review. We will search PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, and grey literature from inception to February 29, 2019, with no language restrictions. The process of study screening, selection, data extraction, risk of bias assessment, and grading the strength of evidence will be performed independently by a pair of reviewers. Any discrepancy will be resolved through a team discussion and/or consultation with the third reviewer. The pooled effects estimate and 95% confidence intervals will be estimated using DerSimonian-Laird random-effects models. Heterogeneity will be assessed by the Cochran Q test, I index and tau-squared statistics. The funnel plots along with the Begg and Egger test and trim and fill method will be performed to investigate any evidence of publication bias. Preplanned subgroup analyses and random-effects univariate meta-regressions will be performed to quantify the potential sources of heterogeneity based on studies- and patient-characteristics. RESULTS: This will be the first systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the long-term effectiveness of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors in PD populations. CONCLUSION: In summary, this systematic review and meta-analysis will summarize the effectiveness of ACEI/ARB on long-term mortality, cardiovascular outcomes, and adverse events among adult PD patients by integrated all available evidences. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Based on the existing published data, an ethical approval is not required. The findings will be disseminated through scientific meetings and publications in peer-reviewed journals.PROSPERO registration number: CRD42019129492.
ISSN: 15365964
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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