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Title: Leukocyte telomere length in patients with transfusion-dependent thalassemia
Authors: Nithita Nanthatanti
Adisak Tantiworawit
Pokpong Piriyakhuntorn
Thanawat Rattanathammethee
Sasinee Hantrakool
Chatree Chai-Adisaksopha
Ekarat Rattarittamrong
Lalita Norasetthada
Wirote Tuntiwechapikul
Kanda Fanhchaksai
Pimlak Charoenkwan
Sirinart Kumfu
Nipon Chattipakorn
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2020
Abstract: © 2020 The Author(s). Background: Thalassemia is a hereditary hemolytic anemia with a severity ranging from mild, non-transfusion dependent to severe chronic anemia requiring lifelong transfusion. Transfusional iron overload is a major complication in patients with transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT). Telomeres are sequences of nucleotides forming the end caps of chromosomes that act as a DNA repair system. Iron overload in thalassemia can cause increased oxidative stress which leads to cellular damage and senescence. This may result in telomere length shortening. The degree of telomere length shortening may reflect the severity of thalassemia. Methods: This research aimed to study the leukocyte telomere length in patients with TDT in comparison to non-thalassemic individuals and to identify the clinical and laboratory parameters that are associated with telomere length. We conducted a cross-sectional study in patients with TDT aged ≥18 years. Leukocyte telomere length was measured by real-time quantitative PCR. Results: Sixty-five patients with TDT were enrolled onto the study. There were 37 female patients (54.4%). The median age was 27 (18-57) years, and mean pre-transfusion hemoglobin level was 7.1 (± 1.07) g/dL. The mean telomere to single copy gene (T/S) ratios of patients with TDT and the controls were 0.72 ± 0.18 and 0.99 ± 0.25, respectively (p < 0.0001). There was a significant correlation between the T/S ratio and age (p = 0.0002), and hemoglobin level (p = 0.044). There was no correlation between telomere length and other factors. Conclusions: Our study showed that TDT patients had shorter leukocyte telomere length compared with controls. Leukocyte telomere shortening in TDT was an aging-dependent process and associated with lower hemoglobin level.
ISSN: 17558794
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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