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Title: Immunological response to porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in young pigs obtained from a PRRSV-positive exposure status herd in a PRRSV endemic area
Authors: Nattinee Kittiwan
Panuwat Yamsakul
Pakpoom Tadee
Phacharaporn Tadee
Aniroot Nuangmek
Phongsakorn Chuammitri
Prapas Patchanee
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2019
Abstract: © 2019 Elsevier B.V. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), caused by the PRRS virus (PRRSV), remains a major economic threat to swine production throughout the world. The aim of this study was to investigate the humoral and cell-mediated immune responses to PRRSV in 10 PRRSV vaccinated and 10 non-vaccinated young pigs obtained from a PRRSV-seropositive herd under field conditions. On day 35 days of post-vaccination (dpv), two PRRSV seropositive mixed-litter pigs were added to each group to co-mingle the animals. Serum and whole blood samples were collected from all pigs on the first day of vaccination, as well as on the 21, 35, 49, and 63 dpv. The PRRSV-specific humoral and cell-mediated immune response was determined by ELISA and flow cytometry analysis. The PRRSV ELISA sample to positive (S/P) ratio was found to be positive at the threshold level until the age of 84 days in both non-vaccinated and vaccinated groups, whereas the IFN-γ positive staining cytotoxic (CD8+) cells were rapidly expressed in the early periods of vaccination and co-mingling, but were not found to be specific to PRRSV. This result might have been due to an unspecific response to stress antigens. Further studies should be conducted to obtain more immune response data over long-term observation periods and to study the effect of PRRSV endemic strain vaccinations in endemically-infected herds.
ISSN: 18732534
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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