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Title: Dicentrine potentiates TNF-α-induced apoptosis and suppresses invasion of a549 lung adenocarcinoma cells via modulation of nf-κb and ap-1 activation
Authors: Chanatip Ooppachai
Pornngarm Limtrakul
Supachai Yodkeeree
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 13-Nov-2019
Abstract: © 2019 by the authors. Numerous studies have indicated that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) could induce cancer cell survival and metastasis via activation of transcriptional activity of NF-κB and AP-1. Therefore, the inhibition of TNF-α-induced NF-κB and AP-1 activity has been considered in the search for drugs that could effectively treat cancer. Dicentrine, an aporphinic alkaloid, exerts anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. Therefore, we investigated the effects of dicentrine on TNF-α-induced tumor progression in A549 lung adenocarcinoma cells. Our results demonstrated that dicentrine effectively sensitizes TNF-α-induced apoptosis in A549 cells when compared with dicentrine alone. In addition, dicentrine increases caspase-8, -9, -3, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activities by upregulating the death-inducing signaling complex and by inhibiting the expression of antiapoptotic proteins including cIAP2, cFLIP, and Bcl-XL. Furthermore, dicentrine inhibits the TNF-α-induced A549 cells invasion and migration. This inhibition is correlated with the suppression of invasive proteins in the presence of dicentrine. Moreover, dicentrine significantly blockes TNF-α-activated TAK1, p38, JNK, and Akt, leading to reduced levels of the transcriptional activity of NF-κB and AP-1. Taken together, our results suggest that dicentrine could enhance TNF-α-induced A549 cell death by inducing apoptosis and reducing cell invasion due to, at least in part, the suppression of TAK-1, MAPK, Akt, AP-1, and NF-κB signaling pathways.
ISSN: 14203049
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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