Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Salacia chinensis L. Stem extract exerts antifibrotic effects on human hepatic stellate cells through the inhibition of the tgf-β1-induced smad2/3 signaling pathway
Authors: Mattareeyapar Phaosri
Salinee Jantrapirom
Mingkwan Na Takuathung
Noppamas Soonthornchareonnon
Seewaboon Sireeratawong
Pensiri Buacheen
Pornsiri Pitchakarn
Wutigri Nimlamool
Saranyapin Potikanond
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Chemical Engineering
Computer Science
Issue Date: 2-Dec-2019
Abstract: © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Salacia chinensis L. (SC) stems have been used as an ingredient in Thai traditional medicine for treating patients with hepatic fibrosis and liver cirrhosis. However, there is no scientific evidence supporting the antifibrotic effects of SC extract. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the antifibrotic activity of SC stem extract in human hepatic stellate cell-line called LX-2. We found that upon TGF-β1 stimulation, LX-2 cells transformed to a myofibroblast-like phenotype with a noticeable increase in α-SMA and collagen type I production. Interestingly, cells treated with SC extract significantly suppressed α-SMA and collagen type I production and reversed the myofibroblast-like characteristics back to normal. Additionally, TGF-β1 also influenced the development of fibrogenesis by upregulation of MMP-2, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 and related cellular signaling, such as pSmad2/3, pErk1/2, and pJNK. Surprisingly, SC possesses antifibrotic activity through the suppression of TGF-β1-mediated production of collagen type 1, α-SMA, and the phosphorylation status of Smad2/3, Erk1/2, and JNK. Taken together, the present study provides accumulated information demonstrating the antifibrotic effects of SC stem extract and revealing its potential for development for hepatic fibrosis patients.
ISSN: 14220067
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in CMUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.