Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and hepatic fibrosis among perinatally HIV-monoinfected Asian adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy
Authors: Tavitiya Sudjaritruk
Torsak Bunupuradah
Linda Aurpibul
Pope Kosalaraksa
Nia Kurniati
Jiratchaya Sophonphan
Panruethai Trinavarat
Pannee Visrutaratna
Jiraporn Srinakarin
Nataruks Chaijitraruch
Thanyawee Puthanakit
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Abstract: Copyright © 2019 Sudjaritruk et al. To assess and compare the prevalence of persistent hepatic abnormalities, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and/or hepatic fibrosis, among perinatally HIV-monoinfected Asian adolescents with history of abnormal hepatic enzymes to those without, using noninvasive diagnostic tools. A multicenter cohort study was conducted in Thailand and Indonesia. Adolescents aged 10-25 years who were on antiretroviral treatment (ART), had virologic suppression (HIV RNA<400 copies/mL within the past 6 months), and had no history of chronic hepatitis B/C infection were enrolled. Participants were pre-classified into 2 subgroups (1:1 ratio) as participants with history of elevated versus normal aminotransferase enzymes. NAFLD was defined as hepatic steatosis (any severity) evaluated by liver ultrasonography. Significant hepatic fibrosis was defined as liver stiffness ≥7.4 kPa evaluated by transient elastography. Participants who met the criteria for protocol-defined NAFLD and/or hepatic fibrosis were re-assessed to evaluate disease progression (persistent versus transient hepatic abnormalities) at one year later. Of 120 participants, 62 (51.7%) were male, 7 (5.8%) had central obesity, and 19 (15.8%) had insulin resistance (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance [HOMA-IR] <3.16). At enrollment, the median age and duration of ART (IQR) were 17.0 (14.6-19.2) years and 10.5 (7.1-12.0) years, respectively. Persistent hepatic abnormalities were identified in 5/60 participants listed in the group having history of elevated aminotransferases, corresponding to the prevalence of 8.3% (95% CI: 2.8-18.4%), whereas none (0/60) were among the group having history of normal hepatic enzymes. All 5 participants had persistent aminotransferase elevation (≥2 episodes within the past 12 months). Baseline alanine aminotransferase (ALT) >30 U/L (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 29.1; 95% CI: 1.7-511.8), and HOMA-IR >3.16 (aOR: 17.9; 95% CI: 1.1-289.7) were independently associated with persistent hepatic abnormalities. Among perinatally HIV-monoinfected Asian adolescents with history of elevated aminotransferase enzymes, persistent hepatic abnormalities are not uncommon. Screening for liver complications by noninvasive diagnostic tools might be considered in at risk individuals, including those with persistent ALT elevation and insulin resistance.
ISSN: 19326203
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in CMUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.