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Title: Recovery of spent coffee grounds oil using supercritical CO<inf>2</inf>: extraction optimization and physicochemical properties of oil
Authors: Rattana Muangrat
Israpong Pongsirikul
Authors: Rattana Muangrat
Israpong Pongsirikul
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Chemical Engineering;Chemistry;Engineering
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Abstract: © 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Soxhlet and accelerated solvent extraction, using propanol as a solvent, and supercritical CO2 extraction methods presented statistically insignificant differences in the crude oil yield obtained from spent coffee grounds. Supercritical CO2 extraction method was selected to recover the oil. The optimal extraction condition for a high crude oil yield, low acid value, percentage of free fatty acids, peroxide value and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) value, and high iodine and saponification values, was obtained simultaneously at 50°C, 200 bar and 2 h. Under this condition, the experimental data obtained, namely 12.14% oil yield, acid value 3.89 mg KOH/g oil, 2.11% free fatty acids, iodine value 90.70 g I2/g oil, saponification value 212.05 mg KOH/g oil, peroxide value 3.77 mEqO2/kg oil and TBARS value 0.76 mg malondialdehyde/kg oil, were reasonably close to the predicted values. Additionally, the oil from spent coffee grounds is a precious source of palmitic and linoleic acids.
ISSN: 19476345
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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