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Title: Flow Analysis of the Symmetric Airfoil NACA0015 Blade at Different Angles of Attack and Mixing Velocities in a Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR)
Authors: W. Manosroi
C. Phapisarn
N. Moonmuang
N. Yasan
Keywords: Engineering
Materials Science
Issue Date: 9-Apr-2019
Abstract: © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd. Biogas produces from the degradation of organic compounds of garbage and water wastes from various sources such as ranch and agricultural industries, usually by the fermentation process with anaerobic microorganisms. Layers of sediment are often occurred that can block the flow and longer mixing time is required for a more homogenous mixing. The objective of this study is to solve the non-uniform and non-homogenous as well as to save the mixing time in the fermentation process of biogas production using a model-mixing reactor. Flow analysis using an image processing technique of the symmetric airfoil NACA0015 blade at different angles of attack and mixing velocities in a Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR) was examined. The CSTR was equipped with two and three airfoil blades at the angles of attack 0, 10, 16(stall angle) and 20° operated at the mixing velocities at 80, 110, 140 and 190 rpm. The mixing efficiency was evaluated from the homogenous appearance of plastic particles (5 mm diameter) dispersed in water by an image processing technique. The results showed that the mixing efficiencies of CSTR with three blades were higher than that of the CSTR with two blades of about 1.3 folds. The mixing efficiency increased with increasing mixing velocities and angles of attack, and was almost constant when the blade angles of attack increased from 16° to 20° and the mixing velocity increased from 140 to 190 rpm. This may be due to the airfoil blade stall and the saturation of the mixing. A new blade design for the CSTR system from this study can give a more efficient stir and mixing flow which will not only be beneficial for biogas production in the laboratory scale, but also a model design for the industrial biogas production as well.
ISSN: 1757899X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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