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|A novel CuInS<inf>2</inf>/m-BiVO<inf>4</inf> p-n heterojunction photocatalyst with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity
|Chemical Engineering;Chemistry;Physics and Astronomy
|© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Novel CuInS2/m-BiVO4 composites with different mass ratios (CuInS2 to m-BiVO4 = 1:3, 1:1, and 3:1) were synthesized and their potential visible-light photocatalytic applications for photodegradation of some organic dyes (methylene blue, rhodamine B, and methyl orange) and inactivation of bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) were investigated. CuInS2/m-BiVO4 with a mass ratio of 1:3 exhibited better photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue and antibacterial activity than those of either pure CuInS2 or m-BiVO4. Moreover, this composite photocatalyst showed different photocatalytic selectivity in terms of the organic dye degradation. Salicylic acid was also used to test the photocatalytic activity of this composite to clarify the dye sensitization effect. The photoelectrochemical (PEC) properties of the CuInS2/m-BiVO4 photoelectrode, evaluated by linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) measurement, revealed that the composite photoelectrode exhibited higher current density and onset potential in comparison with the m-BiVO4 photoelectrode. In addition, the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurement also proved a faster rate of charge transfer at the electrode/electrolyte interface. The enhancement of photocatalytic and PEC activities of the CuInS2/m-BiVO4 composite was revealed not only that the CuInS2/m-BiVO4 composite extended light absorption in the visible light region, but also that the formation of a p-n heterojunction could promote photogenerated charges as well as facilitate effective charge separation and transportation between the CuInS2 and m-BiVO4 contact interface.
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|CMUL: Journal Articles
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