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Title: Anti-proliferative effect of 8α-tigloyloxyhirsutinolide-13-O-acetate (8αTGH) isolated from Vernonia cinerea on oral squamous cell carcinoma through inhibition of STAT3 and STAT2 phosphorylation
Authors: Phisit Pouyfung
Sirinthip Choonate
Ariyaphong Wongnoppavich
Pornpimol Rongnoparut
Kongthawat Chairatvit
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Abstract: © 2018 Elsevier GmbH Background: The high mortality rate of oral cancers has stimulated the search for effective herbal medicines and their pharmacological targets. Vernonia cinerea, a perennial tropical herb, is wildly used as a traditional folk medicine for treatment of intestinal diseases and various skin diseases in addition to possessing anti-cancer activity. However, the effect of 8α-tigloyloxyhirsutinolide-13-O-acetate (8αTGH) as a major sesquiterpene lactone compound found in V. cinerea and the underlying mechanism of its action on oral cancer cells remains unknown. Purpose: To investigate the anti-cancer activity of 8αTGH extracted from V. cinerea and the underlying mechanism of its action in oral cancer cells. Methods: The anti-proliferative effect of 8αTGH on oral squamous cell carcinoma (HSC4) and lung carcinoma (A549) was determined using the SRB colorimetric method. The molecular mechanism of 8αTGH was explored using kinase inhibitors, followed by Western blotting or RT-qPCR. Flow cytometry and Western blotting were used to assess cell cycle arrest. Results: 8αTGH inhibited cancer cell growth more effectively on HSC4 than A549 and was much less effective on tested normal oral cells. 8αTGH inhibited STAT3 phosphorylation on both cancer cells. Notably, 8αTGH was able to suppress the constantly activated STAT2 found only in HSC4. The STAT2 inhibition by 8αTGH consequently caused down-regulation of ISG15 and ISG15 conjugates. As a result, decreased expression of CDK1/2 and Cyclin B1 was detected leading to G2/M cell cycle arrest. Conclusion: 8αTGH isolated from V. cinerea preferentially inhibits the proliferation of oral cancer cells by causing G2/M cell cycle arrest via inhibition of both STAT3 and STAT2 phosphorylation. The results provide molecular bases for developing 8αTGH as a drug candidate or a complementary treatment of oral cancer.
ISSN: 1618095X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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