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Title: Streptomyces venetus sp. Nov., an actinomycete with a blue aerial mycelium
Authors: Kanaporn Sujarit
Takuji Kudo
Moriya Ohkuma
Wasu Pathom-Aree
Saisamorn Lumyong
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2018
Abstract: © 2018 IUMS. A Gram-positive bacterium, designated CMU-AB225T, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of an oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). The strain exhibited a blue aerial spore mass and a light cream to moderate yellow substrate mycelium and formed chains of spiny spores. Whole-cell hydrolysates consisted of LL-diaminopimelic acid, glucose, ribose, mannose and galactose. The predominant menaquinones were MK-9(H6), MK-9(H8 ) and MK-9(H4 ). The polar lipids profile contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol-mannoside, four unidentified lipids, two unidentified aminolipids and an unidentified glycolipid. The major cellular fatty acids (>10 %) were iso-C16: 0, C16: 0, anteiso-C15: 0 and iso-C15: 0 . The G+C content of genomic DNA was 69.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CMU-AB225T was a member of the genus Streptomyces and formed a distinct phyletic line which was most closely related to Streptomyces koyangensis JCM 14915T, Streptomyces misionensis JCM 4497T and Streptomyces aurantiogriseus JCM 4346T . Multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) using five housekeeping genes (atpD, gyrB, recA, rpoB and trpB) showed that the MLSA distances of strain CMU-AB225T to phylogenetically related species were greater than the 0.007 threshold. Moreover, the low values of DNA–DNA relatedness and phenotypic differences, especially a blue aerial mycelium, enabled strain CMU-AB225T to be distinguished from its closely related species. It is thus proposed that strain CMU-AB225T represents a novel species, namely Streptomyces venetus sp. nov. The type strain is CMU-AB225T (=JCM 31290T =TBRC 2001T).
ISSN: 14665026
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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