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Title: The effects of the spinodal microstructure on the electrical properties of TiO<inf>2</inf>-SnO<inf>2</inf>ceramics
Authors: Wanwilai Chaisan
Rattikorn Yimnirun
Supon Ananta
David P. Cann
Keywords: Chemistry
Materials Science
Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2005
Abstract: The electrical properties of ceramics within the TiO2-SnO2system which exhibit spinodal decomposition were investigated under different annealing conditions. Changes in the lattice parameter and the phase evolution of the spinodal decomposition, measured in terms of the volume fraction transformed X(t), were examined as a function of annealing time using X-ray diffraction. The room temperature dielectric properties were measured and compared to dielectric mixing rules. Doping with pentavalent Nb was found to slow the decomposition kinetics and a high permittivity (εr> 1000) was induced. The origin of the high permittivity is linked to the formation of an electrically heterogeneous structure which is derived from the spinodal microstructure. Lastly, it was observed that Nb-doped TiO2-SnO2ceramics exhibited non-linear current-voltage behavior which can be attributed to the negative temperature coefficient of resistance effect. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00224596
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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