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|Title:||Effects of milling method and calcination condition on phase and morphology characteristics of Mg<inf>4</inf>Nb<inf>2</inf>O<inf>9</inf>powders|
Physics and Astronomy
|Abstract:||Magnesium niobate, Mg4Nb2O9, powders has been synthesized by a solid-state reaction. Both conventional ball- and rapid vibro-milling have been investigated as milling methods, with the formation of the Mg4Nb2O9phase investigated as a function of calcination conditions by DTA and XRD. The particle size distribution of the calcined powders was determined by laser diffraction technique, while morphology, crystal structure and phase composition were determined via a combination of SEM, TEM and EDX techniques. The type of milling method together with the designed calcination condition was found to show a considerable effect on the phase and morphology evolution of the calcined Mg4Nb2O9powders. It is seen that optimization of calcination conditions can lead to a single-phase Mg4Nb2O9in both milling methods. However, the formation temperature and dwell time for single-phase Mg4Nb2O9powders were lower with the rapid vibro-milling technique. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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