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Title: Structural and dynamical properties of different protonated states of mutant HIV-1 protease complexed with the saquinavir inhibitor studied by molecular dynamics simulations
Authors: Ornjira Aruksakunwong
Kitiyaporn Wittayanarakul
Pornthep Sompornpisut
Vannajan Sanghiran
Vudthichai Parasuk
Supot Hannongbua
Keywords: Chemistry
Computer Science
Materials Science
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2006
Abstract: To understand the basis of drug resistance, particularly of the HIV-1 PR, three molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of HIV-1 PR mutant species, G48V, complexed with saquinavir (SQV) in explicit aqueous solution with three protonation states, diprotonation on Asp25 and Asp25′ (Di-pro) and monoprotonation on each Asp residue (Mono-25 and Mono-25′). For all three states, H-bonds between saquinavir and HIV-1 PR were formed only in the two regions, flap and active site. It was found that conformation of P2 subsite of SQV in the Mono-25 state differs substantially from the other two states. The rotation about 177° from the optimal structure of the wild type was observed, the hydrogen bond between P2 and the flap residue (Val48) was broken and indirect hydrogen bonds with the three residues (Asp29, Gly27, and Asp30) were found instead. In terms of complexation energies, interaction energy of -37.3 kcal/mol for the Mono-25 state is significantly lower than those of -30.7 and -10.7 kcal/mol for the Mono-25′ and Di-pro states, respectively. It was found also that protonation at the Asp25 leads to a better arrangement in the catalytic dyad, i.e., the Asp25-Asp25′ interaction energy of -8.8 kcal/mol of the Mono-25 is significantly lower than that of -2.6 kcal/mol for the Mono-25′ state. The above data suggest us to conclude that interaction in the catalytic area should be used as criteria to enhance capability in drug designing and drug screening instead of using the total inhibitor/enzyme interaction. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 10933263
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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