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Title: Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GC): a salvage regimen for advanced breast cancer patients who have failed anthracycline and/or taxane therapy.
Authors: Imjai Chitapanarux
Vicharn Lorvidhaya
Pimkhuan Kamnerdsupaphon
Ekkasit Tharavichitkul
Hongsin Trakultivakorn
Areewan Somwangprasert
Somsak Sumitsawan
Songphol Srisukho
Keerati Watcharachan
Vimol Sukthomya
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2006
Abstract: BACKGROUND: In clinical studies of both heavily and minimally pretreated patients with advanced breast cancer, the combination of Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GC), given in a variety of schedules and doses, has demonstrated moderate safety and efficacy in both heavily and minimally pretreated advanced breast cancer with response rate from 29-63% (median 46%). METHODS: We evaluated the activity and toxicity of another GC regimen (gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) days 1, 8 plus cisplatin 75 mg/m(2) day 1 every 3 weeks) in 30 breast cancer patients who failed chemotherapy with anthracycline and/or taxanes as adjuvant or neoadjuvant, or primary therapy. RESULTS: We obtained overall response in 15 of 29 evaluable patients (52%), with responses occurring in all subgroups of disease (unresectable locally advanced, locoregional recurrence, and distant metastasis). Toxicity was primarily hematologic, with grade 3/4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia in 37% and 17% of patients, respectively. The only grade 3/4 non-hematologic toxicity was grade 3 nausea/vomiting in 12% of patients. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that gemcitabine plus cisplatin appears to be effective and has an acceptable toxicity profile in anthracycline and/or taxane pretreated patients with advanced breast cancer.
ISSN: 03850684
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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