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Title: Magnetostratigraphy of the Miocene Chiang Muan Formation, northern Thailand: Implication for revised chronology of the earliest Miocene hominoid in Southeast Asia
Authors: Y. Suganuma
T. Hamada
S. Tanaka
M. Okada
H. Nakaya
Y. Kunimatsu
H. Saegusa
S. Nagaoka
B. Ratanasthien
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Earth and Planetary Sciences
Issue Date: 12-Sep-2006
Abstract: A paleomagnetic study has been conducted on the Miocene Chiang Muan Formation in northern Thailand, in order to provide a chronology for the earliest large-bodied Miocene hominoid in Southeast Asia. The Chiang Muan Formation is mainly composed of clay, silt and sand beds, indicating lacustrine and fluvial environments. Paleomagnetic samples were collected from 124 horizons along an approximately 150 m thick section from the Chiang Muan Formation at the opencast Chiang Muan Mine. Rock magnetic experiments and stepwise thermal demagnetizations revealed that the main carrier of the magnetization of the sediments is magnetite and the samples have stable magnetization. Exceptionally, stable magnetization is also carried by hematite, which is represented by red colored sediments. Characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM) directions, calculated by the principal component analysis, revealed normal or reversed polarities of magnetization, which allow the application of the reversal test of McFadden and McElhinny [McFadden, P.L., McElhinny, M.W., 1990. Classification of the reverse test in paleomagnetism. Geophys. Int. 103, 725-729]. The mean paleomagnetic directions of the normal and reversed polarities passed the reversal test with a classification C, indicating that the Chiang Muan Formation preserved the primary magnetization. In total, five normal and four-reversed polarity zones are recognized from the studied section. Based on paleontological age constraints, this magnetostratigraphic column of the Chiang Muan Formation correlates best with Chron C5AAn-C5n of the geomagnetic polarity time scale (GPTS) from the geological time scale (GTS2004) developed by Gradstein et al. [Gradstein, F., Ogg, J., Smith, A. (Eds.) 2004. A Geological Time Scale 2004. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, p. 589]. This correlation revealed that sedimentation of the Chiang Muan Formation began approximately at 13 Ma and continued until 9.8 Ma with a mean sedimentation rate of approximately 4.2 cm/ky. The age of the earliest Southeast Asian hominoid is between 12.4 and 13.0 Ma. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 00310182
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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