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Title: Phospholipid biosynthesis program underlying membrane expansion during B-lymphocyte differentiation
Authors: Paolo Fagone
Rungtawan Sriburi
Cheryl Ward-Chapman
Matthew Frank
Jina Wang
Christopher Gunter
Joseph W. Brewer
Suzanne Jackowski
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 2-Mar-2007
Abstract: Stimulated B-lymphocytes differentiate into plasma cells committed to antibody production. Expansion of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi compartments is a prerequisite for high rate synthesis, assembly, and secretion of immunoglobulins. The bacterial cell wall component lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulates murine B-cells to proliferate and differentiate into antibody-secreting cells that morphologically resemble plasma cells. LPS activation of CH12 B-cells augmented phospholipid production and initiated a genetic program, including elevated expression of the genes for the synthesis, elongation, and desaturation of fatty acids that supply the phospholipid acyl moieties. Likewise, many of the genes in phospholipid biosynthesis were up-regulated, most notably those encoding Lipin1 and choline phosphotransferase. In contrast, CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase α (CCTα) protein, a key control point in phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis, increased because of stabilization of protein turnover rather than transcriptional activation. Furthermore, an elevation in cellular diacylglycerol and fatty acid correlated with enhanced allosteric activation of CCTα by the membrane lipids. This work defines a genetic and biochemical program for membrane phospholipid biogenesis that correlates with an increase in the phospholipid components of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi compartments in LPS-stimulated B-cells. © 2007 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
ISSN: 1083351X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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