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Title: Ecologic risk factor investigation of clusters of avian influenza a (H5N1) virus infection in Thailand
Authors: Thanawat Tiensin
Syed Sayeem Uddin Ahmed
Suvichai Rojanasthien
Thaweesak Songserm
Parntep Ratanakorn
Kridsada Chaichoun
Wantanee Kalpravidh
Surapong Wongkasemjit
Tuangthong Patchimasiri
Karoon Chanachai
Weerapong Thanapongtham
Suwit Chotinan
Arjan Stegeman
Mirjam Nielen
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 5-Jun-2009
Abstract: This study was conducted to investigate space and time clusters of highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) virus infection and to determine risk factors at the subdistrict level in Thailand. Highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1) was diagnosedin1890 poultry flocks located in 953 subdistricts during 2004-2007. The ecologic risk for H5N1 virus infection was assessed on the basis of a spatial-based case-control study involving 824 case subdistricts and 3296 control subdistricts from 6 study periods. Risk factors investigated in clustered areas of H5N1 included human and animal demographic characteristics, poultry production systems, and wild birds and their habitats. Six variables remained statistically significant in the final model: flock density of backyard chickens (odds ratio [OR], 0.98), flock density of fighting cocks (OR, 1.02), low and high human density (OR, 0.60), presence of quail flocks (OR, 1.21), free-grazing duck flocks (OR, 2.17), and a poultry slaughterhouse (OR, 1.33). We observed a strong association between subdistricts with H5N1 virus-infected poultry flocks and evidence of prior and concomitant H5N1 infection in wild birds in the same subdistrict. © 2009 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America.
ISSN: 00221899
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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