Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://cmuir.cmu.ac.th/jspui/handle/6653943832/59193
Title: Contrasting maternal and paternal genetic variation of hunter-gatherer groups in Thailand
Authors: Wibhu Kutanan
Jatupol Kampuansai
Piya Changmai
Pavel Flegontov
Roland Schröder
Enrico MacHoldt
Alexander Hübner
Daoroong Kangwanpong
Mark Stoneking
Keywords: Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2018
Abstract: © 2018 The Author(s). The Maniq and Mlabri are the only recorded nomadic hunter-gatherer groups in Thailand. Here, we sequenced complete mitochondrial (mt) DNA genomes and ~2.364 Mbp of non-recombining Y chromosome (NRY) to learn more about the origins of these two enigmatic populations. Both groups exhibited low genetic diversity compared to other Thai populations, and contrasting patterns of mtDNA and NRY diversity: There was greater mtDNA diversity in the Maniq than in the Mlabri, while the converse was true for the NRY. We found basal uniparental lineages in the Maniq, namely mtDNA haplogroups M21a, R21 and M17a, and NRY haplogroup K. Overall, the Maniq are genetically similar to other negrito groups in Southeast Asia. By contrast, the Mlabri haplogroups (B5a1b1 for mtDNA and O1b1a1a1b and O1b1a1a1b1a1 for the NRY) are common lineages in Southeast Asian non-negrito groups, and overall the Mlabri are genetically similar to their linguistic relatives (Htin and Khmu) and other groups from northeastern Thailand. In agreement with previous studies of the Mlabri, our results indicate that the Malbri do not directly descend from the indigenous negritos. Instead, they likely have a recent origin (within the past 1,000 years) by an extreme founder event (involving just one maternal and two paternal lineages) from an agricultural group, most likely the Htin or a closely-related group.
URI: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85041039002&origin=inward
http://cmuir.cmu.ac.th/jspui/handle/6653943832/59193
ISSN: 20452322
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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