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|Title:||O-methylbulbocapnine and dicentrine suppress LPS-induced inflammatory response by blocking NF-κB and AP-1 activation through inhibiting MAPKs and Akt signaling in RAW264.7 macrophages|
|Keywords:||Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics|
|Abstract:||© 2018 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan. The natural aporphine alkaloids including crebanine (CN), O-methylbulbocapnine (OMP), and dicentrine (DC), and protoberberine alkaloids, tetrahydropalmatine (THP) and N-methyl tetrahydropalmatine (NTHP), have been found in Stephania venosa. Previous reports demonstrated CN and THP exhibited anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated anti-inflammatory effect of CN analogs including OMP, DC, THP, and NTHP in RAW264.7 macrophages. The pre-treatment of macrophages with CN, OMP and DC suppressed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators including interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha, prostaglandin E2 and nitric oxide, in which the rank-order of inhibitory potency was DC>CN≥OMP. Whereas, high dose THP (30–40µg/mL) reduced LPS-induced IL-6 production in RAW264.7 cells but NTHP did not effect. Moreover, CN, OMP and DC inhibited the LPS-induced expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2. OMP and DC inhibited LPS-induced nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation by suppressing the phosphorylation of NF-κB at Ser536, but not the nucleus translocation and inhibitor of kappaB (IκB)-α degradation. In addition, OMP and DC also reduced the phosphorylation and nucleus translocation of activator protein-1 (AP-1). Furthermore, OMP and DC suppressed the LPS-activated myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), Akt and mito-gen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) signaling pathway, which were the upstream signaling regulators of AP-1 and NF-κB. Collectively, OMP and DC have an anti-inflammatory effect on RAW264.7 macrophages by the suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and mediators. The inhibitory property of OMP and DC is mediated by blockage the activation of MyD88, MAPKs, Akt, NF-κB and AP-1 signaling molecules.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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