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Title: Increased sympathovagal imbalance evaluated by heart rate variability is associated with decreased T2* MRI and left ventricular function in transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients
Authors: Sintip Pattanakuhar
Arintaya Phrommintikul
Adisak Tantiworawit
Sasikarn Konginn
Somdet Srichairattanakool
Siriporn C. Chattipakorn
Nipon Chattipakorn
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 2-Feb-2018
Abstract: © 2018 The Author(s). Early detection of iron overload cardiomyopathy is an important strategy for decreasing the mortality rate of patients with transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT). Although cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) T2* is effective in detecting cardiac iron deposition, it is costly and not generally available. We investigated whether heart rate variability (HRV) can be used as a screening method of iron overload cardiomyopathy in TDT patients. HRV, evaluated by 24-h Holter monitoring, non-transferrin bound iron (NTBI), serum ferritin, left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF), and CMR-T2* were determined. Patients with a cardiac iron overload condition had a significantly higher low frequency/high frequency (LF/HF) ratio than patients without a cardiac iron overload condition. Log-serum ferritin (r = −0.41, P=0.008), serum NTBI (r = −0.313, P=0.029), and LF/HF ratio (r = −0.286, P=0.043) showed a significant correlation with CMR-T2*, however only the LF/HF ratio was significantly correlated with LVEF (r = −0.264, P=0.043). These significant correlations between HRV and CMR-T2* and LVEF in TDT confirmed the beneficial role of HRV as a potential early screening tool of cardiac iron overload in thalassemia patients, especially in a medical center in which CMR T2* is not available. A larger number of TDT patients with cardiac iron overload are needed to confirm this finding.
ISSN: 15734935
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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