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Title: Tin(II) n-butyl L-lactate as novel initiator for the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone: Kinetics and aggregation equilibrium analysis by non-isothermal DSC
Authors: Winita Punyodom
Wanich Limwanich
Puttinan Meepowpan
Keywords: Chemistry
Physics and Astronomy
Issue Date: 10-Sep-2017
Abstract: © 2017 Elsevier B.V. The catalytic behavior of the novel tin(II) n-butyl L-lactate (Sn(OCH(CH3)COOnC4H9)2) initiator in the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of ε-caprolactone (ε-CL) was firstly investigated by non-isothermal DSC. The Sn(OCH(CH3)COOnC4H9)2initiator was successfully synthesized from the reaction of tin(II) chloride (SnCl2), diethylamine (Et2NH) and n-butyl L-lactate (CH3CH(OH)COOnC4H9). The synthesized Sn(OCH(CH3)COOnC4H9)2was characterized by FT-IR,1H NMR and13C NMR techniques. The advantages of this initiator were high oxygen-moisture stability and solubility in common organic solvent. From DSC analysis, the polymerization rate of ε-CL was controlled by Sn(OCH(CH3)COOnC4H9)2concentration. The average values of activation energy (Ea) obtained from Starink isoconversional method for the ROP of ε-CL initiated by 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 mol% of Sn(OCH(CH3)COOnC4H9)2were 74 ± 5, 72 ± 5 and 68 ± 2 kJ/mol, respectively. Furthermore, the aggregation and non-aggregation equilibrium of Sn(OCH(CH3)COOnC4H9)2initiator in the ROP of ε-CL was also investigated by non-isothermal DSC. The degree of aggregation (m) of initiator was rapidly determined using new derived equation based on non-isothermal DSC approach. The polymerization mechanism was also studied and proposed through the coordination-insertion mechanism.
ISSN: 00406031
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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