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Title: Differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells from human amniotic fluid to cardiomyocyte-like cells
Authors: Runchana Markmee
Sirinda Aungsuchawan
Suteera Narakornsak
Waleephan Tancharoen
Kanokkarn Bumrungkit
Nataporn Pangchaidee
Peraphan Pothacharoen
Chaniporn Puaninta
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2017
Abstract: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a major factor influencing worldwide mortality rates. Furthermore, IHD has become a significant health problem among the Thai population. Stem cell therapy using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is an alternative therapeutic method that has been applied to improve the quality of life of patients. Amniotic fluid (AF) contains a heterogeneous cell population, including MSCs, which are multipotent stem cells that have the capability to differentiate into mesenchymal lineages. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the MSC characteristics of human (h)AF and determine its potency regarding cardiogenic differentiation. MSC characterization following flow cytometric analysis revealed that the cells expressed MSC markers, cluster of differentiation (CD)44, CD90, human leukocyte antigen-ABC and CD73. The results of the alamar blue assay demonstrated that cell proliferation rate continuously increased from the early cultivation phase up to 5-fold during days 1 to 5 of cell culturing. The highest rate of cell proliferation was observed on day 17 with a 30-fold increase compared with that on day 1. During the cardiogenic induction stage, morphological changes were observed between day 0 and day 21, and it was revealed that the hAF derived-MSCs in the cardiogenic-induced group exhibited myotube-like morphology after 7 days of cell culturing. Following cardiogenic induction, immunohistochemistry staining was performed on day 21, and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction on day 7 and 21. These steps were performed to detect the protein and gene expression levels of cardiac specific proteins (GATA4, cardiac troponin T, Nkx2.5 and Connexin43). The results of the present study indicated that hAF-MSCs possess the potential to differentiate into cardiomyocyte-like cells. Thus, it was concluded that hAF may be a suitable source of MSCs for stem cell therapy and tissue engineering.
ISSN: 17913004
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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