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|Title:||Uptake of Early infant diagnosis in Thailand's national program for preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission and linkage to care, 2008-2011|
|Abstract:||© 2016 Cui Y et al; licensee International AIDS Society. Introduction: Early infant diagnosis (EID) has been a component of Thailand's prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programme since 2007. This study assessed the uptake, EID coverage, proportion of HIV-exposed infants receiving a definitive HIV diagnosis, mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) rates and linkage to HIV care and treatment. Methods: Infant polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing data from the National AIDS Program database were analyzed. EID coverage was calculated as the percentage of number of HIV-exposed infants receiving > 1 HIV PCR test divided by the number of HIV-exposed infants estimated from HIV prevalence and live-birth registry data. Definitive HIV diagnosis was defined as having two concordant PCR results. MTCT rates were calculated based on infants tested with PCR and applied as a best-case scenario, and a sensitivity analysis was used to adjust these rates in average and worst scenarios. We defined linkage to HIV care as infants with at least one PCR-positive test who were registered with Thailand's National AIDS Program. Chi-squared tests for linear trend were used to analyze changes in programme coverage. Results: For 2008 to 2011, the average EID coverage rate increased from 54 to 76% (p <0.001), with 65% coverage (13,761/21,099) overall. The number of hospitals submitting EID samples increased from 458 to 645, and the percentage of community hospitals submitting samples increased from 75 to 78% (p = 0.044). A definitive HIV diagnosis was made for 10,854 (79%) infants during this period. The adjusted MTCT rates had significantly decreasing trends in all scenarios. Overall, an estimated 53% (429/804) of HIV-infected infants were identified through the EID programme, and 80% (341/429) of infants testing positive were linked to care. The overall rate of antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation within one year of age was 37% (157/429), with an increasing trend from 28 to 52% (p <0.001). Conclusions: EID coverage increased and MTCT rates decreased during 2008 to 2011; however, about half of HIV-infected infants still did not receive EID. Most HIV-infected infants were linked to care but less than half initiated ART within one year of age. Active follow-up of HIV-exposed infants to increase early detection of HIV infection and early initiation of ART should be more widely implemented.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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