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Title: Epidemiology of gastroenteritis viruses in Japan: Prevalence, seasonality, and outbreak
Authors: Aksara Thongprachum
Pattara Khamrin
Niwat Maneekarn
Satoshi Hayakawa
Hiroshi Ushijima
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2016
Abstract: © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Acute gastroenteritis has been recognized as one of the most common diseases in humans and continues to be a major public health problem worldwide. Several groups of viruses have been reported as the causative agents of acute gastroenteritis, including rotavirus, norovirus, sapovirus, human astrovirus, adenovirus, and an increasing number of others which have been reported more recently. The epidemiology, prevalence, seasonality, and outbreaks of these viruses have been reviewed in a number of studies conducted in Japan over three decades. Rotavirus and norovirus were the two most common viruses detected almost equally in children under 5 years of age who were suffering from acute gastroenteritis. Like many other countries, the main rotavirus strains circulating in pediatric patients in Japan are G1P[8], G2P[4], G3P[8], and G9P[8]. Norovirus GII.4 was involved in most outbreaks in Japan and found to be associated with the emergence of new variants Sydney_2012. The classic human astrovirus, MLB, and VA clades astroviruses were also commonly found in pediatric patients with acute diarrhea. The sapovirus and adenovirus have been identified as the minor viral causative agents for acute gastroenteritis in Japan.
ISSN: 10969071
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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