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Title: Kinetic and mechanistic investigation of the ring-opening polymerization of l-lactide initiated by nBu<inf>3</inf>SnOnBu using<sup>1</sup>H-NMR
Authors: Wanich Limwanich
Puttinan Meepowpan
Nawee Kungwan
Winita Punyodom
Keywords: Chemical Engineering
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2016
Abstract: © 2016, Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary. The kinetics of the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of l-lactide (LL) initiated by tri-n-butyltin n-butoxide (nBu3SnOnBu) was investigated by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR). The kinetic parameters such as the rate constant (k) and the activation energy (Ea) were determined. The values of k increased with increasing temperature and initiator concentration. The Eavalues determined from the ROP of LL initiated by 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mol% of nBu3SnOnBu were 95.9, 87.8 and 72.4 kJ/mol. The molecular weight of poly(l-lactide) (PLL) was successfully controlled by adjusting nBu3SnOnBu concentration. Furthermore, the number average molecular weight (M¯n) of these polymers was in the range of 1.1 × 104–3.2 × 104with molecular weight distribution of 1.4–1.9 and the molecular weight of PLL was higher than poly(ε-caprolactone) under identical synthesis conditions. Furthermore, the molecular weight of the synthesized polymers was lower than the theoretical values (M¯n(cal)) indicating the occurrence of transesterification.
ISSN: 18785204
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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