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Title: Serological Survey and Factors Associated with Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Domestic Goats in Myanmar
Authors: Saw Bawm
Wint Yi Maung
Myat Yee Win
May June Thu
Hla Myet Chel
Tin Aye Khaing
Soe Soe Wai
Lat Lat Htun
Tin Tin Myaing
Saruda Tiwananthagorn
Makoto Igarashi
Ken Katakura
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Environmental Science
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2016
Abstract: © 2016 Saw Bawm et al. Goat farming is important for the livelihood of millions of rural people because it contributes to food security and creation of assets. However, infection of goats with Toxoplasma gondii could be a source of parasite transmission to humans. The information on T. gondii infection of goat was not reported yet in Myanmar. A total of 119 goat serum samples were collected from three cities in the central region of Myanmar for T. gondii antibody survey. With the occurrence value obtained in this first study, a second one, more complete, with larger number (162) of animals and properties, was carried out and the risk factors and prevalence were determined. In both studies the samples were analyzed by the LAT. Of these, 32 (11.4%) samples were showed to be positive. The infection was associated with the presence of cats at the farm (odds ratio [OR] = 4.66, 95% confidential interval [CI] = 1.03-21.06), farming with different animal species (sheep, cattle, and pigs) (OR = 4.33, 95% CI = 1.57-11.94), and farming without good management practices (OR = 0.23, 95% CI = 0.06-0.83). This is the first T. gondii prevalence study in goats in the country.
ISSN: 2090908X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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