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Title: Admixed origin of the kayah (Red Karen) in northern thailand revealed by biparental and paternal markers
Authors: Wibhu Kutanan
Metawee Srikummool
Pittayawat Pittayaporn
Mark Seielstad
Daoroong Kangwanpong
Vikrant Kumar
Thanawut Prombanchachai
Panuwan Chantawannakul
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2015
Abstract: © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/University College London. This study analyzes the autosomal short tandem repeats (STRs) variation and the presence of Y chromosomal haplogroups from 44 individuals of the Kayah or Red Karen (KA) in Northern Thailand. The results based on autosomal STRs indicated that the KA exhibited closer genetic relatedness to populations from adjacent regions in Southeast Asia (SEA) than populations from Northeast Asia (NEA) and Tibet. Moreover, an admixed origin of the KA forming three population groups was observed: NEA, Southern China, and Northern Thailand. The NEA populations made a minor genetic contribution to the KA, while the rest came from populations speaking Sino-Tibetan (ST) languages from Southern China and Tai-Kadai (TK) speaking groups from Northern Thailand. The presence of six paternal haplogroups, composed of dual haplogroups prevalent in NEA (NO, N, and D1) and SEA (O2 and O3) as well as the intermediate genetic position of the KA between the SEA and NEA also indicated an admixed origin of male KA lineages. Our genetic results thus agree with findings in linguistics that Karenic languages are ST languages that became heavily influenced by TK during their southward spread. A result of the Mongol invasions during the 13thcentury A.D. is one possible explanation for genetic contribution of NEA to the KA.
ISSN: 14691809
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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