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Title: Isolation and screening of biopolymer-degrading microorganisms from northern Thailand
Authors: Watsana Penkhrue
Chartchai Khanongnuch
Kazuo Masaki
Wasu Pathom-aree
Winita Punyodom
Saisamorn Lumyong
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 10-Sep-2015
Abstract: © 2015, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. Forty agricultural soils were collected from Chiang Mai and Lampang provinces in northern Thailand. Bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi were isolated and screened for their ability to degrade polylactic acid (PLA), polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) by the agar diffusion method. Sixty-seven actinomycetes, seven bacteria and five fungal isolates were obtained. The majority of actinomycetes were Streptomyces based on morphological characteristic, chemotaxonomy and 16S rRNA gene data. Seventy-nine microorganisms were isolated from 40 soil samples. Twenty-six isolates showed PLA-degradation (32.9 %), 44 isolates showed PBS-degradation (55.7 %) and 58 isolates showed PCL-degradation (73.4 %). Interestingly, 16 isolates (20.2 %) could degrade all three types of bioplastics used in this study. The Amycolatopsis sp. strain SCM_MK2-4 showed the highest enzyme activity for both PLA and PCL, 0.046 and 0.023 U/mL, respectively. Moreover, this strain produced protease, esterase and lipase on agar plates. Approximately, 36.7 % of the PLA film was degraded by Amycolatopsis sp. SCM_MK2-4 after 7 days of cultivation at 30 °C in culture broth.
ISSN: 15730972
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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