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Title: Comparison of PCR methods for detection of Leishmania siamensis infection
Authors: Atitaya Hitakarun
Peerapan Tan-Ariya
Suradej Siripattanapipong
Mathirut Mungthin
Phunlerd Piyaraj
Tawee Naaglor
Padet Siriyasatien
Saruda Tiwananthagorn
Saovanee Leelayoova
Keywords: Immunology and Microbiology
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2014
Abstract: © 2014 Hitakarun et al. Background: Leishmania siamensis, a newly identified species, has been reported as a causative agent o leishmaniasis in Thailand. This organism has been identified and genetically characterized using PCR technique based on several target genes. However, the sensitivities and specificities of these methods for the diagnosis of L siamensis infection have never been evaluated Methods: To evaluate the sensitivities and specificities of PCR methods to detect L. siamensis infection, PCR fo different genetic markers, i.e., the small subunit ribosomal RNA region (SSU-rRNA), the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS1), cysteine protease B (cpb), cytochrome b (cyt b), heat shock protein 70 (hsp70), the spliced leade mini-exon, and the triose-phosphate isomerase (tim) genes were compared Results: Both the ITS1-PCR and the SSU rRNA-PCR could detect promastigote of L. siamensis at concentrations a low as 0.05 parasites/μl or the DNA concentration at 2.3 pg/μl. Though the ITS1-PCR method only recognized samples as positive, all of these could be assessed as true positive according to microscopic diagnosis and/o amplifying the results of the PCR and their sequencing, while other methods also produced false positive results Compared with the ITS1-PCR method, the PCR amplified SSU-rRNA and cpb gene showed 100% sensitivity for th detection of L. siamensis in clinical specimens. The PCR amplified mini-exon and hsp70 gene also gave a hig sensitivity of 87.5%. In contrast, the PCR methods for cyt b and tim gene showed low sensitivity. The PCR method for cyt b, mini-exon and tim gene showed 100% specificity compared with the ITS1-PCR Conclusion: As a result, the ITS1-PCR method is a suitable target for PCR-based detection of L. siamensis infectio in clinical specimens due to its high sensitivity and specificity. The results of this study can be used for molecula diagnosis as well as in epidemiological studies of L. siamensis in affected areas.
ISSN: 17563305
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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