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|Title:||Chemical stability enhancement and cytotoxicity reduction of papain loaded in PLGA nanospheres|
|Abstract:||Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanospheres loaded with papain were prepared by the emulsion solvent diffusion in water (ESD) and the w/o/w emulsion solvent evaporation (ESE) methods. The nanosphere loaded with papain from the ESE method gave smaller particle sizes (220-232 nm) and higher encapsulation efficiency of about two-folds than those from the ESD method. The morphology of the nanospheres loaded with papain prepared by the ESE method exhibited spherical shape and smooth surface investigated by SEM and TEM. The release profile of papain from the PLGA nanospheres of the ESD and ESE method indicated two phases with an initial rapid phase of 6 h and followed by the slow release phase of 48 h. The unloaded PLGA nanospheres from the two methods did not show any cytotoxicity in human skin fibroblasts, while the unloaded papain gave toxicity more than the loaded papain of 1.5 times. Papain loaded in PLGA nanospheres prepared by the ESE method was more chemical stable than the unloaded papain of eight and three times when kept at 4°C and 25°C for 6 weeks, respectively. The developed stable and low cytotoxic nanosphere loaded with papain can be further developed as topical products. © 2014 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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