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|Title:||An application of capsid-specific artificial ankyrin repeat proteinproduced in E. coli for immunochromatographic assay as a surrogate for antibody|
Aftab A. Ansari
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology|
Immunology and Microbiology
|Abstract:||Immunochromatographic strip test is a unique type of rapid test that has been developed for use as part of a diagnostic kit for the rapid detection of antibodies and/or other proteins of interest. For the detection of target proteins, most of the commercial tests are assembled based on the conjugation of colloidal gold particles to monoclonal antibodies embedded within the conjugate pad of a strip test. In this study, we tested the novel concept of using an artificial non-antibody structure for generating a colloidal gold conjugate (CGC). We exploited the property of an ankyrin repeat protein that specifically binds to the HIV-1 capsid protein termed AnkGAG1D4. This construct was applied as a model structure to create Ank1D4-CGC and used as a new type of visible detector system and termed it ankyrin-based immunochromatographic strip (ABIS) test. The ABIS test was shown to be highly sensitive with a lower limit of detection of the target protein at 0.1 μg/ml. Moreover, the ABIS test was not only highly sensitive but also shared a level of specificity within the same range of the commercial test kit. The results of the studies presented herein therefore demonstrate the novel application of an artificial non-immunoglobulin structure (ankyrin repeat protein) as the new line of a visible detector using a rapid diagnostic test with characteristics that have the potential to be superior to those that utilize antibody-based tests. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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