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Title: Melancholic features and hostility are associated with suicidality risk in Asian patients with major depressive disorder
Authors: Hong Jin Jeon
Daihui Peng
Hong Choon Chua
Manit Srisurapanont
Maurizio Fava
Jae Nam Bae
Sung Man Chang
Jin Pyo Hong
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2013
Abstract: Background: Suicide rates are higher in East-Asians than other populations, and especially high in Koreans. However, little is known about suicidality risk and melancholic features in Asian patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Method: Drug-free MDD outpatients were included from 13 centers across five ethnicities consisting of Chinese (n=290), Korean (n=101), Thai (n=102), Indian (n=27), and Malay (n=27). All were interviewed using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.), the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), and the Symptoms Checklist 90-Revised (SCL-90-R). Results: Of 547 subjects, 177 MDD patients showed melancholic features (32.4%). These melancholic MDD patients revealed significantly higher suicidality risk (p<0.0001), hostility (p=0.037), and severity of depression (p<0.0001) than those MDD patients without melancholic features. Suicidality risk was significantly higher in MDD with melancholic features than those without in subjects with lower hostility, whereas it showed no difference in higher hostility. Adjusted odds ratios of melancholic features and hostility for moderate to high suicidality risk were 1.79 (95% CI=1.15-2.79) and 2.45 (95% CI=1.37-4.38), after adjusting for age, sex, education years, and depression severity. Post-hoc analyses showed that suicidality risk was higher in Korean and Chinese than that of Thai, Indian and Malay in MDD subjects with melancholic features, although depression severity showed no significant differences among the ethnicities. Conclusions: Suicidality risk is associated with both melancholic features and hostility and it shows cross-ethnic differences in Asian MDD patients, independent of depression severity. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN: 15732517
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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