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Title: Polymorphic patterns of pfcrt and pfmdr1 in Plasmodium falciparum isolates along the Thai-Myanmar border
Authors: Phunuch Muhamad
Wanna Chaijaroenkul
Papichaya Phompradit
Ronnatrai Rueangweerayut
Pongsri Tippawangkosol
Kesara Na-Bangchang
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2013
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the distribution and patterns of pfcrt and pfmdr1 polymorphisms in Plasmodium falciparum ( P. falciparum) isolates collected from the malaria endemic area of Thailand along Thai-Myanmar border. Methods: Dried blood spot samples were collected from 172 falciparum malaria patients prior received treatment. The samples were extracted using chelex to obtain parasite DNA. PCR-RFLP was employed to detect pfcrt mutation at codons 76, 220, 271, 326, 356 and 371, and the pfmdr1 mutation at codon 86. Pfmdr1 gene copy number was determined by SYBR Green I real-time PCR. Results: Mutant alleles of pfcrt and wild type allele of pfmdr1 were found in almost all samples. Pfmdr1 gene copy number in isolates collected from all areas ranged from 1.0 to 5.0 copies and proportion of isolates carrying>1 gene copies was 38.1%. The distribution and patterns of pfcrt and pfmdr1 mutations were similar in P. falciparum isolates from all areas. However, significant differences in both number of pfmdr1 copies and prevalence of isolates carrying>1 gene copies were observed among isolates collected from different areas. The median pfmdr1 copy number in P. falciparum collected from Kanchanaburi and Mae Hongson were 2.5 and 2.0, respectively and more than half of the isolates carried>1 gene copies. Conclusions: The observation of pfmdr1 wild type and increasing of gene copy number may suggest declining of artesunate-mefloquine treatment efficacy in P. falciparum isolates in this border area. © 2013 Asian Pacific Tropical Biomedical Magazine.
ISSN: 22211691
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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