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Title: Treatment outcomes of patients co-infected with tuberculosis and HIV at Chiang Mai university hospital, Thailand
Authors: S. Limmahakhun
R. Chaiwarith
N. Nuntachit
T. Sirisanthana
K. Supparatpinyo
Keywords: Medicine
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2012
Abstract: Summary: Thailand has been greatly affected by the tuberculosis (TB) and HIV syndemic. This study aimed to determine treatment outcomes among HIV/TB co-infected patients. A retrospective cohort study was conducted at Chiang Mai University Hospital from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2009. Of 171 patients, 100 patients were male (58.5%) and the mean age was 36.8 ± 8.0 years. Seventy-two patients (42.1%) had pulmonary tuberculosis. Median CD4+ count before TB treatment was 69 cells/mm3(interquartile range [IQR] 33, 151). The overall mortality was 3.5% (6 patients). Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) occurred in eight patients (6.0%). Disseminated TB infections increased risk of death (odds ratio [OR] = 2.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.25, 5.18) and IRIS (OR = 9.16, 95% CI 1.67, 50.07). Initiating combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) within two months after TB treatment increased risk of IRIS (OR = 6.57, 95% CI 1.61 -26.86) and physicians caring for HIV/TB co-infected patients should be aware of this condition.
ISSN: 09564624
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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