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|Characteristics of 45S5 bioglass-ceramics using natural raw materials
|The aim of this work was to analyze the effect of using rice husk ash (RHA) and bovine bone as raw materials of glass-ceramics based on the SiO 2-Na 2O-CaO-P 2O 5 system on their physical, mechanical properties and bioactivity. All of the investigated compositions were prepared by melting the glass mixtures at 1300°C for 3 h. The resulting glass samples were heated at different temperatures ranging from 600 to 1000°C with fixed dwell-time for 2 h for crystallization. Phase identification of the prepared glass ceramics was carried out by X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques. In addition, in vitro test was carried out in stimulated body fluid (SBF). Differential thermal analysis (DTA) showed that the glass transition occurred at 505°C and crystallization at 700°C. The main crystalline phase form in most glass ceramics is a sodium calcium silicate. The optimum heat treatment temperature, at which the maximum mechanical value (620 HV) could be obtained, is around 1000°C. After incubation in SBF for 7 days, all of the samples show good bioactivity in vitro, as evident by the formation of bone like apatite phase. © (2012) Trans Tech Publications.
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|CMUL: Journal Articles
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