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Title: Redox coupled-spin crossover in cobalt β-diketonate complexes: Structural, electrochemical and computational studies
Authors: Phimphaka Harding
David J. Harding
Rattawat Daengngern
Theeraphol Thurakitsaree
Brian M. Schutte
Michael J. Shaw
Yuthana Tantirungrotechai
Keywords: Chemistry
Materials Science
Issue Date: 25-Jul-2012
Abstract: Structural, electrochemical, spectroelectrochemical, magnetic and spectroscopic studies are reported for the octahedral cobalt β-diketonate complexes, [Co(β-diketonate)2(N-N)] {β-diketonate = 2,2,6,6-tetramethylheptane-3,5-dionate (tmhd); N-N = 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) 1, 2,2′-bipyridine (2,2′-bpy) 2 and dimethylaminoethylamine (dmae) 3; β-diketonate = 1,3-diphenylpropane-1,3-dionate (dbm); N-N = phen 4, 2,2′-bpy 5, dmae 6}. X-ray crystallographic studies of the redox pair [Co(tmhd)2(2,2′-bipy)]0/+2/2+show a shortening of the Co-ligand bond lengths by between 0.18 and 0.22 Å upon oxidation and a significantly more regular octahedral geometry around the cobalt in the cation consistent with spin crossover in addition to a change in oxidation state. Cyclic voltammetry of 1-6 reveals an irreversible one-electron oxidation to CoIIIwith large peak separations between the oxidation and reduction peaks, indicative of redox coupled-spin crossover (RCSCO); i.e. [Co(β-diketonate)2(N-N)] (S = 3/2) ↔ [Co(β-diketonate)2(N-N)]++ e-(S = 0). Moreover, the complexes represent rare examples of RCSCO species with a CoO4N2coordination sphere. The tmhd complexes are more easily oxidized than the respective dbm analogues with the oxidation peak potentials in the order bipy < phen < dmae. Oxidation of 1-6 with AgBF4yields the corresponding CoIIIcations, [Co(β-diketonate)2(N-N)]BF41+-6+which has been confirmed by1H NMR spectroscopy. Spectroelectrochemistry of the redox pairs [Co(β-diketonate)2(N-N)]0/+is consistent with the isolated compounds being identical to the species formed at the electrode. Theoretical studies reveal that the SOMO is essentially metal d-orbital and β-diketonate based, consistent with the strong effect of the β-diketonate ligand on the oxidation potential. In addition, there are substantial changes in the relative stabilities of the various spin states compared with [Co(tacn)2]2+/3+such that the high spin states become more accessible. The above results are consistent with a square scheme mechanism. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 02775387
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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