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Title: Coinheritance of Hb S [β6(A3)Glu→Val, GAG>GTG] with β0-Thalassemia codon 17 (A>T) in a thai patient
Authors: Sakorn Pornprasert
Sitthichai Panyasai
Kanyakan Kongthai
Kallayanee Treesuwan
Keywords: Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2012
Abstract: Hb S [β6(A3)Glu→Val, GAG>GTG] is a β-globin gene variant that has a very low incidence in the Thai population. Coinheritance of Hb S and β0-thalassemia (β-thal) can result in severe clinical conditions. This study reports the case of a Thai patient with a compound heterozygosity for Hb S and β0-thal codon 17 (A>T). His hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (packed cell volume, PCV), mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular Hb (MCH) levels were all less than the lower limits, while red cell distribution width (RDW) was higher than the upper limit. Levels of Hbs S, F and A2 detected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were comparable to those from capillary electrophoresis (CE). As Hb S has a similar electrophoretic mobility and the HPLC profile is also similar to those of Hb Tak [β147, Term→Thr (AC)] and Hb D-Punjab [β121(GH4) Glu→Gln, GAA>CAA], DNA sequencing was then performed. This was to detect β0-thal, and to differentiate Hb S from the Hb Tak and Hb D-Punjab mutations. The β0-thal codon 17 and Hb S mutations were detected indicating that coinheritance of these two mutations can be found in the Thai population. Therefore, to provide proper clinical management and genetic counseling of this rare case, DNA analysis should be performed in all cases when a peak at the S-window is detected by HPLC or CE. Copyright © Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
ISSN: 1532432X
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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