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dc.contributor.authorViet Linh Nguyenen_US
dc.contributor.authorVito Colellaen_US
dc.contributor.authorGrazia Grecoen_US
dc.contributor.authorFang Fangen_US
dc.contributor.authorWisnu Nurcahyoen_US
dc.contributor.authorUpik Kesumawati Hadien_US
dc.contributor.authorVirginia Venturinaen_US
dc.contributor.authorKenneth Boon Yew Tongen_US
dc.contributor.authorYi Lun Tsaien_US
dc.contributor.authorPiyanan Taweethavonsawaten_US
dc.contributor.authorSaruda Tiwananthagornen_US
dc.contributor.authorSahatchai Tangtrongsupen_US
dc.contributor.authorThong Quang Leen_US
dc.contributor.authorKhanh Linh Buien_US
dc.contributor.authorThom Doen_US
dc.contributor.authorMalaika Watanabeen_US
dc.contributor.authorPuteri Azaziah Megat Abd Ranien_US
dc.contributor.authorFilipe Dantas-Torresen_US
dc.contributor.authorLenaig Halosen_US
dc.contributor.authorFrederic Beugneten_US
dc.contributor.authorDomenico Otrantoen_US
dc.description.abstract© 2020 The Author(s). Background: Ticks and fleas are considered amongst the most important arthropod vectors of medical and veterinary concern due to their ability to transmit pathogens to a range of animal species including dogs, cats and humans. By sharing a common environment with humans, companion animal-associated parasitic arthropods may potentially transmit zoonotic vector-borne pathogens (VBPs). This study aimed to molecularly detect pathogens from ticks and fleas from companion dogs and cats in East and Southeast Asia. Methods: A total of 392 ticks and 248 fleas were collected from 401 infested animals (i.e. 271 dogs and 130 cats) from China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines and Vietnam, and molecularly screened for the presence of pathogens. Ticks were tested for Rickettsia spp., Anaplasma spp., Ehrlichia spp., Babesia spp. and Hepatozoon spp. while fleas were screened for the presence of Rickettsia spp. and Bartonella spp. Result: Of the 392 ticks tested, 37 (9.4%) scored positive for at least one pathogen with Hepatozoon canis being the most prevalent (5.4%), followed by Ehrlichia canis (1.8%), Babesia vogeli (1%), Anaplasma platys (0.8%) and Rickettsia spp. (1%) [including Rickettsia sp. (0.5%), Rickettsia asembonensis (0.3%) and Rickettsia felis (0.3%)]. Out of 248 fleas tested, 106 (42.7%) were harboring at least one pathogen with R. felis being the most common (19.4%), followed by Bartonella spp. (16.5%), Rickettsia asembonensis (10.9%) and "Candidatus Rickettsia senegalensis"(0.4%). Furthermore, 35 Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks were subjected to phylogenetic analysis, of which 34 ticks belonged to the tropical and only one belonged to the temperate lineage (Rh. sanguineus (sensu stricto)). Conclusion: Our data reveals the circulation of different VBPs in ticks and fleas of dogs and cats from Asia, including zoonotic agents, which may represent a potential risk to animal and human health.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]en_US
dc.subjectImmunology and Microbiologyen_US
dc.titleMolecular detection of pathogens in ticks and fleas collected from companion dogs and cats in East and Southeast Asiaen_US
article.title.sourcetitleParasites and Vectorsen_US
article.volume13en_US Luzon State Universityen_US Lam University, Ho Chi Minh Cityen_US National University of Agricultureen_US Universityen_US Gadjah Madaen_US of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciencesen_US Universityen_US Universityen_US Ali Sina Universityen_US Putra Malaysiaen_USà degli Studi di Barien_US Pingtung University of Science and Technologyen_US Mai Universityen_US and Avian Veterinary Clinicen_US Conservation and Tropical Disease Research Instituteen_US Magalhães Institute (IAM)en_US Ingelheim Animal Healthen_US
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