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dc.contributor.authorChatchote Thitaramen_US
dc.contributor.authorPitchaya Matchimakulen_US
dc.contributor.authorWanpitak Pongkanen_US
dc.contributor.authorWasan Tangphokhanonen_US
dc.contributor.authorRaktham Maktriraten_US
dc.contributor.authorJaruwan Khonmeeen_US
dc.contributor.authorAnucha Sathanawongsen_US
dc.contributor.authorPiyamat Kongtuengen_US
dc.contributor.authorKorakot Nganvongpaniten_US
dc.description.abstract© 2018 Thitaram et al. Background: Elephants are the largest and heaviest living terrestrial animals, but information on their histology is still lacking. This study provides a unique insight into the elephant's organs and also provides a comparison between juvenile Asian elephants and adult Asian elephants or other species. Here we report on the histological structure of 24 organs, including the skin, brain (cerebrum, cerebellar hemisphere, vermis, thalamus, midbrain), spinal cord, sciatic nerve, striated skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, bone (flat bone and long bone), cartilage (hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage), heart (right atrium, right ventricle), blood vessels (aorta, pulmonary artery and caudal vena cava), trunk, trachea, lung, tongue, esophagus, stomach, small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ileum), large intestine (cecum, colon, rectum), liver and pancreas, kidney, ovary, uterus (body and horn) and spleen of two juvenile Asian elephants. Methods: Tissue sections were stained with Harris's hematoxylin and eosin Y. Results: While almost all structures were similar to those of other species or adult elephants, some structures were different from other mammalian species, such as: plexiform bone was found in flat bone only; a thin trachealismuscle was observed in the trachea; and no serous or mucinous glands were found in the submucosa of the trachea. Discussion: Histological information from various organs can serve as an important foundation of basal data for future microanatomical studies, and help in the diagnosis and pathogenesis in sick elephants or those with an unknown cause of death.en_US
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.subjectBiochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biologyen_US
dc.titleHistology of 24 organs from Asian elephant calves (Elephas maximus)en_US
article.volume2018en_US Mai Universityen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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