Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWarapone Satheannoppakaoen_US
dc.contributor.authorRachada Kasemsupen_US
dc.contributor.authorJiraluck Nontaraken_US
dc.contributor.authorPattapong Kessomboonen_US
dc.contributor.authorPanwadee Putwatanaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSurasak Taneepanichskulen_US
dc.contributor.authorRassamee Sangthongen_US
dc.contributor.authorSuwat Chariyalertsaken_US
dc.contributor.authorWichai Aekplakornen_US
dc.description.abstract© 2015, Medical Association of Thailand. All rights reserved. Objective: Examine intakes of energy and macronutrients, and identify their food sources, in Thai preschool children. Material and Method: Data from the Thai National Health Examination Survey (NHES) IV were used. Mothers/caregivers were interviewed regarding their children’s 24-hour-dietary intake. Dietary data were analyzed for energy and macronutrients, and their food sources were investigated. Due to skewed data, Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare energy and macronutrient intake between sexes and age groups. Results: Among 256 preschool children, more than 90% had protein intakes higher than the recommended level. Only 12.7 to 29.0% met the recommended intake for energy. Amounts of carbohydrate and fat consumed varied from below to above the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) recommendation. Intakes of carbohydrate in boys and fat in girls were statistically different between age groups (p<0.05). Fifty to 60% of energy came from dairy products, grains and starchy products. The major carbohydrate contributors were grains and starchy products. Dairy products were the main source of protein. Important food sources of fat were dairy products for one- to three-year-old children and fat and oils for four- to five-year-old children. Conclusion: Thai preschool children have inappropriate intakes of energy and macronutrients. Dairy products and grains and/or starchy products were the main sources of energy, carbohydrate, and protein. Dietary fat sources varied by age group.en_US
dc.titleEnergy and macronutrient intakes and food sources in preschool children: Thai NHES IVen_US
article.title.sourcetitleJournal of the Medical Association of Thailanden_US
article.volume98en_US Universityen_US Universityen_US Health Examination Survey Officeen_US Kaen Universityen_US Universityen_US of Songkla Universityen_US Mai Universityen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in CMUIR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.