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dc.contributor.authorSutthisa Konruangen_US
dc.contributor.authorSuksawat Sirijarukulen_US
dc.contributor.authorPikul Wanichapicharten_US
dc.contributor.authorLiangdeng Yuen_US
dc.contributor.authorThawat Chittrakarnen_US
dc.description.abstract© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. UV irradiation on polysulfone (PSF) membranes was studied to improve their gas-separation properties. Membranes with 19-25% PSF contents were prepared by the phase-inversion method, and the membrane surface was modified with UV rays with a wavelength of 312 nm and a power of 360 μw/cm<sup>2</sup>. Measurements of gas permeation were conducted with pure carbon dioxide (CO<inf>2</inf>), methane (CH<inf>4</inf>), oxygen (O<inf>2</inf>), and nitrogen (N<inf>2</inf>) gases under 3-8 bar pressure at 25°C. Fourier transform infrared spectrometry revealed that the polar functional groups of hydroxyl and carbonyl were introduced by UV irradiation. The water contact angle of the treated membrane was reduced from 70-75° to 10-12° after 12 h of UV exposure. Scanning electron microscopy observation showed that the dense skin layer increased as the polymer concentration increased. After UV treatment, the permeation of O<inf>2</inf> decreased from 0.4-3.4 to 0.2-2.3 m<sup>3</sup> m<sup>-2</sup> h<sup>-1</sup> bar<sup>-1</sup>, whereas that of N<inf>2</inf>, CO<inf>2</inf>, and CH<inf>4</inf> increased for all of the pressures used from 0.1-1.7 m<sup>3</sup> m<sup>-2</sup> h<sup>-1</sup> bar<sup>-1</sup> to about 0.1-3.4 m<sup>3</sup> m<sup>-2</sup> h<sup>-1</sup> bar<sup>-1</sup>; this depended on the applied pressure and the PSF content. As a result, the selectivity ratio of O<inf>2</inf>/N<inf>2</inf> decreased from 1.9-7.8 to 0.6-1.5, whereas that of CO<inf>2</inf>/CH<inf>4</inf> increased from 0.9-2.6 to 1.1-6.1. Moreover, the O<inf>2</inf>/N<inf>2</inf> and CO<inf>2</inf>/CH<inf>4</inf> of the untreated and the treated membranes decreased with increasing pressure and increased with increasing polymer concentration.en_US
dc.subjectMaterials Scienceen_US
dc.titleUltraviolet-ray treatment of polysulfone membranes on the O&lt;inf&gt;2&lt;/inf&gt;/N&lt;inf&gt;2&lt;/inf&gt; and CO&lt;inf&gt;2&lt;/inf&gt;/CH&lt;inf&gt;4&lt;/inf&gt; separation performanceen_US
article.title.sourcetitleJournal of Applied Polymer Scienceen_US
article.volume132en_US of Songkla Universityen_US on Higher Educationen_US Mai Universityen_US
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