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dc.contributor.authorPawalee Srisuksomwongen_US
dc.contributor.authorNiwooti Whangchaien_US
dc.contributor.authorYasunobu Yagitaen_US
dc.contributor.authorKoji Okadaen_US
dc.contributor.authorYuwadee Peerapornpisalen_US
dc.contributor.authorNakao Nomuraen_US
dc.description.abstractSurface cyanobacterial bloom causes deterioration of pond water and accumulation of toxins and musty odors (Geosmin & 2-methylisoborneol, MIB) in aquaculture activities. This study investigated the effectiveness of ultrasonic technology on Microcystis sp. surface scum settling, including microcystin (cyanotoxin) and musty odors degradation in pond water. Water from fish ponds, with 5.162±0.92 mg L-1of initial chlorophyll 'a' was sonicated at 5 frequencies (29, 43, 108, 200 & 1000 kHz). Ultrasonic irradiation of 200 kHz had the greatest effect in settling Microcystis scum. Moreover, ultrasonication at 200 kHz effectively reduced microcystin and musty odors. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) confirmed that sonification at a frequency of 200 kHz for 240 s did not disintegrate Microcystis sp. cells, but easily broke up the sticky mucus layer of the scum. Thus, ultrasonification at 200 kHz is promising technique to sink Microcystis surface scum, without cell disintegration, and could be used to reduce microcystin toxin and musty odor substances in aquaculture ponds. © 2011 Friends Science Publishers.en_US
dc.subjectAgricultural and Biological Sciencesen_US
dc.titleEffects of ultrasonic irradiation on degradation of microcystin in fish pondsen_US
article.title.sourcetitleInternational Journal of Agriculture and Biologyen_US
article.volume13en_US Mai Universityen_US Universityen_US Electronics Co., Ltd.en_US of Tsukubaen_US
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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