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Title: The relationship of crystallization behavior, mechanical properties, and morphology of polypropylene nanocomposite fibers
Authors: Tawat Soitong
Jantrawan Pumchusak
Keywords: Engineering
Materials Science
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2011
Abstract: This study aimed at the fabrication of lightweight and high performance nanocomposite fibers. Polypropylene/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (PP/MWCNTs) nanocomposite fibers (0-5 wt% of MWCNTs) were prepared via melt spinning process. The MWCNTs were dispersed in the dispersing agent before mixing with PP powder. After mixing, the dispersing agent was removed. Then the nanocomposites were spun into fibers. The fibers were spun and stretched with 7.5 draw ratios. Crystallization behavior and thermal properties of PP/MWCNTs nanocomposite fibers were studied using the differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The DSC curves of PP/MWCNTs nanocomposite fibers showed the crystallization peak at a temperature higher than that of neat PP fibers. These results revealed that the MWCNTs acted as nucleating sites for PP crystallization. The additions of MWCNTs into PP leaded to an increase in both crystallization temperature and crystallization enthalpy. However, no significant changes in the melting temperatures of the PP nanocomposites were detected. Degradation temperature of samples obtained from the TGA curves showed increase thermal degradation behavior for the PP/MWCNTs with the content of MWCNTs. It was found that the increase of tensile strength and modulus corresponded well with the increase of crystallinity of the composite fibers. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010.
ISSN: 15734803
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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