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Title: ความคิดเห็นของเกษตรกรต่อการอนุรักษ์ดินและน้ำที่บ้านปางแดงใน ตำบลเชียงดาว อำเภอเชียงดาว จังหวัดเชียงใหม่
Other Titles: Farmers’ Opinion Towards Soil and Water Conservation at Pang Daeng Nai Village, Chiang Dao Sub-district, Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai Province
Authors: อ. ดร.จุฑาทิพย์ เฉลิมผล
รศ.ดร.วรทัศน์ อินทรัคคัมพร
ผศ.ดร.ชาญชัย แสงชโยสวัสดิ์
กฤดิพัฒน์ ระเบ็ง
Issue Date: Oct-2558
Publisher: เชียงใหม่ : บัณฑิตวิทยาลัย มหาวิทยาลัยเชียงใหม่
Abstract: This research focuses on investigating and analysing farmers’ perspectives on soil and water conservation as well as the relationship between people, society economic, and farmers’ perspectives toward soil and water preservation. Within this research, the main focus is on 62 registered farmer families under the expansion project of the Thai Royal project in Baan Pang Daeng Nai, Tambon Chiang Dao, Amphoe Chiang Dao, Chiang Mai. In addition, the author plans to analyse and present results in forms of a frequency distribution, percentage, average, standard deviation, and hypothesis tests using the chi-square statistic. According to the result, most respondents of this research are male; the average age is 39 years old and 45 percent of them are illiterate. The average number of family members is 5 persons, where 3 of them are farmers. Each family held 9 acres of agricultural land with the average annual household income at 83,303 baht. These show that 9 acres of soil and water conservation per family can bring about 79,499 baht per year. Furthermore, the average participation in the soil and water conservation project is 3 times a year, similar amount of time to the meeting with government officials, whereas in the sustainable highland development project shows only twice a year. This leads to understand that farmers are well aware of soil and water preservation at 80 percent. The researcher have found from the results on soil and water preservation of farmers’ perspectives that most farmers are agreed to the project. Besides, hypothesis tests shows that there is no statistically significant relationship between people, society economic, and farmers’ perspectives on soil and water preservation. However, one of the major problems is that farmers need some advice from the land development officers to guide in both agronomic methods and mechanical methods to reserve soil and water (2.39/3 of the average). Finally, the result of this study provides significant recommendations and guidelines on soil and water conservation aims to inspire and bring concrete tools for sustainable consumption to the next generation. Firstly, there should be a policy promoting innovation system from bottom-up approach. Secondly, each farmer family should allow further development of the farm for soil and water conservation system, as well as supporting in manure seeds on account of improving soil quality and dolomite plaster with the average value of 2.56, 2.39, and 2.37 out of 3 respectively. Due to the fact that the area of the project is steep, there is the higher risk for erosion, which leads to high acid in soil reaction raising difficulty level in farming. Therefore, soil and water conservation project should be conducted in accordance with the participation of farmers in both agronomic methods and mechanical methods, based on their principles of cultural dynamics which should be adjusted to recent trends.
Appears in Collections:AGRI: Independent Study (IS)

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