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|Title:||Procedural outcome of lead explant and countertraction-assisted femoral lead extraction in Thai patients with cardiac implantable electronic device infection|
|Abstract:||Background: Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation rate has been increasing worldwide. Despite proper surgical technique and preincisional intravenous antibiotics, the incidence of infected CIED remains high and leads to serious complications. When encountered with CIED infection, complete CIED system removal is indicated. Several lead extraction approaches have shown a high success rate. However, the facilities are limited in Thailand. In our current practice, we perform lead extraction using the Dotter basket snare femoral approach as our primary method. There are no prior data on this countertraction-assisted transfemoral technique. Therefore, we aim to study the procedural outcome of countertraction-assisted transfemoral lead removal technique of CIED infection in Thai patients. Methods: Patients diagnosed with CIED infection and with a history of device infection were retrospectively included. Simple manual removal was performed. In case of failure, we proceeded with the modified countertraction-assisted transfemoral technique. Results: There were 35 patients in the study. The success rate was 94.3%. Most of the leads, 62.8%, were removed by simple manual traction. In the 37.1% who required further femoral approach lead extractions, procedural failure was observed in 5.7% and procedure-related adverse events in 5.6%. CIED infection-related death accounted for 5.7% and nosocomial infection-related death, 2.8%. Conclusion: The success rate of CIED infection lead explant and countertraction-assisted transfemoral lead extraction technique was high with small complications and can be performed without advanced facilities. However, the procedure required a main center with a cardiovascular thoracic surgery support team.|
|Appears in Collections:||CMUL: Journal Articles|
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